What Everybody Is Getting Wrong About FIRE

Fig 1: Suze Orman’s opinion of our lifestyle, as captured in a crazy interview on Paula Pant’s Afford Anything podcast.

In case you hadn’t already noticed it in the news, it seems we are hitting a  turning point in how the rest of the world perceives this lifestyle that you and I have been enjoying.

First, we were ignored. Then, there were a few stories that just focused on the strange lives of  Mr. Money Mustache a few other freaky magicians, cataloging our feats of extreme frugality like “spending less than 100% of your money on a car” or “occasionally eating food from one’s own kitchen.”

But time went by, and our numbers kept growing. And we weren’t just thirtysomething white male tech workers anymore, we were women and men of all ages and professions in all different countries, absorbing blogs and podcasts from a thousand different sources.

Vicki Robin, author of Your Money Or Your Life came out of retirement to write a new edition of her foundational book on the subject of financial independence* and some prominent filmmakers have spent the past year making a documentary called Playing with FIRE about all of this too.

And suddenly, instead of just a blogger or a few millennials here and there, the media is starting to call it the Financial Independence Movement. And this is a big deal, because when it comes to cultural traditions, perception pretty much defines reality.

But when you look it up by Googling the FIRE Movement, you still get a pretty mixed bag of arguments.

The New York Times article looks very positive. But there’s another one in there called “Why I Hate the FIRE Movement”, another that complains our ideas are a “Massive fallacy of composition”, and any number of others saying that we have got one aspect or another wrong.

There’s a tricky paradox going on here: the more people you reach, the bigger the range of misconceptions that will come up, potentially cockblocking your movement before it really takes off.

So, with that in mind, let’s clean up the biggest bits of WRONG that are preventing the latest round of several million new arrivals from fully enjoying the fruits of their own labor.

Because as soon as you stop making excuses for why these ideas can’t possibly work for you, you can start actually doing them and seeing the benefits – today.

1: This is ALL WINNING and there are NO DOWNSIDES.

If you think there is even the slightest flaw with the ideas behind FIRE, you’re probably just not understanding it correctly. Because the whole reason for doing any of this is to lead the happiest, most satisfying life you can possibly lead.

Sure, there are a few tricks behind the curtain – I’m going to make you occasionally tackle some moderately difficult stuff instead of the lazy, easy things you are accustomed to doing. But this too is a win, because a lazy life is a sad, depressed, unsatisfying life. We are going to lift you up OUT of that bullshit. So from now, you can assume that any objections can be solved. Zero complaints allowed.

2: It Doesn’t Matter How Much Money you Make

Sure, many of the people most passionate about FIRE tend to be tech workers and doctors who happen to make a lot of money. When people with lower salaries notice this fact, they tune out and assume the ideas won’t work for them. When in fact, they work even better, the further down the income scale you go.

When I tell a Google employee earning $200,000 per year that she should not burn through too many $10.00-plus-tip glassses of wine at happy hour, she can rightfully respond that each one represents only about ten minutes of her after-tax pay. But what about the guy getting by on $20k? A ten-dollar expenditure is ten times more of a blow to his finances, and an even bigger portion of his monthly surplus income, if he has any surplus at all.

I’m not telling low-income people that they can retire in five years. I am telling them that they can make their lives better, RIGHT NOW, by spending less money on certain things that don’t improve any of our lives. Ten dollar drinks are one easy example, but there are dozens of other ones that I’m suggesting.

And dozens of ten-dollar bills start to add up to real money pretty quickly, which is something most people don’t realize. The vast majority of wealthy people are the ones who have figured out that a millionaire is made ten bucks at a time.

At the opposite end of the scale, earning more income will rarely solve your financial problems: most high-income people are still within just a few paychecks of insolvency, because it is possible to blow almost any paycheck, simply by adding or upgrading more cars, houses, and vacations.

A fundamental truth in society is that most people are pretty bad at math. At the core, these FIRE ideas are simply about taking some solid math, combining it with principles of human happiness, and then distilling it down into a list of simple tactics that will get you way ahead in all areas of life. The benefits go way beyond money.

3: FIRE Is Not Really About Early Retirement

Everybody uses the FIRE acronym because it is catchy and “Early Retirement” sounds desirable. But for most people who get there, Financial Independence does not mean the end of your working career.

Instead it means, “Complete freedom to be the best, most powerful, energetic, happiest and most generous version of You that you can possibly be.”

Does this mean you will quit commuting through traffic into a lame corporate office to sit in meetings about products you don’t really care about? Yes.

But does it mean you won’t work hard at things that are important to you, for the rest of your life? NO!

The people who lob this “retirement is bad” complaint against us are often the lucky ones – a professor who loves researching and teaching, or an established doctor who loves saving lives and happens to enjoy the work environment she has created for herself. But in real life, over half of people are in jobs they genuinely do not enjoy, and which they would immediately quit if they didn’t need the money.

Early retirement means quitting any job that you wouldn’t do for free – but then continuing right ahead with work in something that works for you, even when you don’t need the money.

If you’re lucky enough to find a job this good early on in your career, then congratulations, you can have the benefits of early retirement even before you have the huge nest egg. But don’t fool yourself  – having the financial independence side of things is very powerful as well.

And because of this tendency of early retirees to go on through life and keep earning more money – at least occasionally – the issue of running out of money is even more remote. Most of us end up with a higher net worth every single year, even decades after turning in the keys to the cubicle.

4: You Can Be Happy on ANY Level of Spending

As a society, we’ve been trained to assume that having a bigger budget is always better, and cutting back always means some sort of compromise. The Suze Orman interview above is just dripping with that assumption. The amazing news in this department, which will save you millions of dollars, is that this is complete bullshit!

Happiness is your goal in life, and it comes from meeting certain core Human needs. The thing is, that there are many ways to meet each of these needs – some of them free and some of them shockingly expensive.

For example, improving your physical health is one proven way to be happier. But you can accomplish this with a $2500 per month personal trainer or a $100 set of barbells from Craigslist. Same happiness, vastly different cost.

And as it turns out, there is a similar hack for every single one of life’s major expenses. You can meet all your needs at little or zero cost – it just takes a bit of skill. At this level, you would be able to save almost all of your income.

Or, you can substitute a bit more money and a bit less skill to meet those needs in an (only slightly) more efficient lifestyle, like the one I try to lead. This might allow you to save half or two thirds of your income.

Or, you can spray money in every direction randomly, trying to meet an unfiltered list of wants and needs, and end up with a random but very expensive life, while remaining almost broke throughout the entire thing. This is what most people do, and it leads to saving almost none of your income.

All three choices are possible to do with great happiness. But in a bit of a paradox, the last and most expensive choice is the most difficult one in which to find happiness, because you end up with so many distractions and so little free time.

5: It Doesn’t Depend on A Booming Stock Market

I started this blog soon after the crash of 2009. Now we’re in the boom of 2018. Another market crash of epic proportions is coming sometime, probably pretty soon.

Our uninformed opponents think that FIRE-style early retirees are extra vulnerable to this. But in reality, it’s just the opposite: we are on a safe island, far above the choppy seas of the everyday economy. Because here’s how it really works:

  • We have low and easily controlled expenses – remember, we got here precisely by being good at controlling our spending.
  • The stock market always fluctuates, and crashes are an expected and healthy part of the system. Then Human ingenuity continues its magic, we keep on striving and inventing great things, and the market goes back up. Stock market volatility is already built into the math we used to design this plan. Relax.
  • Even in the event of a permanent collapse (for example the end of the US or world economy), the FIRE practitioner would still come out ahead: instead of focusing your energy on leasing BMWs or dressing yourself up fancy, you have learned to live happily and work on your skills, health, and friendships. It’s a package that will make you wealthier in good times and bad.

6: Education, Health Care, or High Cost of Living areas are Comically Tiny Obstacles

FIRE is simply about making smart decisions with your spending so that you waste less money.  This means that you have way more money available to work with.

The potentially costly monsters mentioned above are simply things that cost money. So if you get better at managing your money, do you think these problems will loom larger, or smaller, in your life?

For example, my son will be reaching University age in just five more years. I haven’t bothered to set aside any money for this part of his education, because we already had way more than enough before he was born!

On top of that, financial independence gives us many more options to handle any unexpected expense, whether it’s education, health, or anything else. For example, as a team my son and we parents could easily:

  • shop around to find the most cost-effective way to get any given degree (start with community college for the first two years, compare different schools, etc.)
  • earn more merit scholarships to get through even an ivy league school for free.
  • earn more money to pay for any cost shortage
  • bypass university entirely and simply start a business
  • move to another state or even country in order to qualify for local tuition rates or more reasonable medical rates
  • use personal relationships to get cheaper or free education or medical care in exchange for helping teachers and doctors with something they need from us.

These are just a few ideas. The point is, every problem can be solved, and financial independence simply gives you more mental and money power to solve these problems.

7: The Only Thing To Fear, is Fear Itself

In the interview, Suze Orman goes on and on about what might go wrong, and how you need an incredible amount of money saved to protect you, just in case. But this thinking is completely backwards – money will not cure your fear, as megamillionaire Suze proves so clearly.

If you are afraid of what might happen in the future, you have a mental problem rather than a financial problem. So you should work on that first, by training your mind and body:

  • Start each day with at least a one mile brisk outdoor walk – before you even attempt to work.  This drastically improves your hormonal balance and reduces stress and fear.
  • Read books about managing stress and learn about meditation using something like Headspace, Camp Calm  or the free Insight Timer.
  • Completely avoid the daily news cycle, especially on TV or radio. If you insist on being a world events junkie, just read the Economist once per week. Focus on optimistic sources of information – like this blog!
  •  Seek out and hang out with more optimistic friends. Remove negative or gossipy friends from your daily life.

8: Place Your Bets Where The Odds Are In Your Favor

Because my brain has a math side I can’t turn off, I tend to see the world in terms of numbers rather than just emotions. And this is incredibly helpful, because by understanding probability, it helps me set up my life to ensure a much more joyful stream of those happy emotions.

For example: many people avoid cycling because they have heard from friends that it is very dangerous. But by doing so, they replace bike trips with sedentary car or bus trips, which clog their arteries and compound into fat gain and other medical issues which really are dangerous.

A lifetime of bicycling in average conditions might give you a 0.2% chance of untimely death due to accident – which can be slightly higher or lower than car driving depending on where you live. But a lifetime of drinking soda and skipping your cycling and barbell workouts gives you at least 50% higher chance of dying ten years earlier due to medical complications, while cycling reduces those health risks (and costs) considerably. So which activity is really the dangerous one?

With this in mind, which of these activities is more risky?

  • working ten extra years in a job you don’t love so you can have an extra million saved up in case you encounter heath problems later.
  • quitting that job right now and investing those ten years into living a healthier and less stressed life with more exercise, better relationships, and a more diverse range of skills. Focusing on you instead of your bank account.

We’ll skip the spreadsheets for now and just boil this into a list of habits that really do give you the best chance at a good life: more happiness, better health and less negative stress.

  • Physical health FIRST: your brain is a system of meat and tubes, just like the rest of your body. The whole system will only perform well if you place its wellbeing first, before anything else. Salads and barbells every day, no goddamned excuses.
  • Mental health NEXT: feed your mind with happy input and learn to practice mindfulness, educational reading, and meditation daily, which is simply a workout for the brain.
  • Daily hardship and Learning: if you are not sweating and learning and doing something difficult and solving problems, you are not living fully. Find a way to scale back the pampering and achieve more with your own body and mind.
  • Indulge, but only with Moderation and Self-Mockery: this country is rich enough that you can become wealthy even without perfect self-discipline – even on minimum wage. But the moment you think you deserve or need whatever indulgence you are currently treating yourself to, you have lost the game. Luxuries and treats are just short-term pleasurable distractions, like any other drugs. Indulge if you can afford them, but you’re not missing one ounce of happiness if you choose to go without at any given moment.

So that’s the FIRE movement.

It’s a system of living your best life in all ways rather than just the financial, based on our best understanding of human nature, with a bit of math and science behind it. Like science itself, it’s not a dogma or a religion, but more of a self-aware system that invites questions and experiments. It’s always open for modification or improvement, but like science itself, there’s nothing for a rational person to hate. Who hates learning?

The reason it has spread to millions of people is that it works. People try it, they like the results, and so they share it with their friends, and the cycle repeats. There’s no stopping an idea or a movement like that.



*and guess who had the honor of writing the foreword for the new edition?

Note that I use Amazon affiliate links to point to any Amazon products mentioned, which allows this blog to earn money – so many thanks if you use them.




  • MKE October 10, 2018, 8:57 am

    One thing, among others, that can get to me about this “FIRE” idea is the chicanery, the salesmanship, the dishonesty. While MMM has some good ideas and some engineering characteristics, at heart he is a salesman and a promoter. This is what most of the FIRE folks are.

    The snake oil turns people off. As an example, I have made and lost friends who claimed to be “retired.” The retirement claim, at first, was appealing, but was later revealed to be false bravado. It created a lot of stress in their lives, and was the source of friction between us. Just say you work. Don’t brag about being retired and then BS about your availability.

    Once you start telling one lie, you have to tell a lot of other lies to support it. There were too many times I was looking to hang out and recreate with these guys (separate guys years apart), and they could not. They had to work. They could not stand to refer to themselves as self-employed. Instead, they lied and said they were “retired.” (Yeah, yeah, I know what you are thinking, “You are a jerk and these guys were just blowing you off.” Like anyone, they probably blew me off not to be around me sometimes, but I learned of too many specific examples of when they were working and lied to others and to me about it).

    They were caught up in the glamorous story of saying they were retired, and viewed working for themselves as beneath their dignity. Sad stuff. Sad in that they were lying about when they were working and when they were not, just because they felt compelled to say they were retired. They were in denial. It created too many awkward moments.

    All they did was replace the stress and unpleasantness of their salaried jobs with the stress and unpleasantness of lying about being “retired.” They couldn’t being themselves to say, “can’t join you on a ride today- I’m working.” Sure they had money, sure they had some flexibility, but they sure as shit were not retired. While they might not have had strangers “oohing and aahing” over them if they admitted to being self-employed, a little honesty would have helped them develop real relationships. Eventually people see behind the curtain.

    The overwhelming majority of the charlatans in the “FIRE” movement are self-employed. Just be honest about it. I can’t see how honesty would hurt the cause.

    • snowcanyon October 10, 2018, 12:15 pm

      You make some really great points, and I have as yet to see a FIRE blogger who hasn’t monetized their blog or started a business selling the brand of FIRE. MMM is actually more honest and less mercenary than most. I think bloggers aren’t honest because they are selling a dream, and to admit that while perhaps they don’t HAVE to work, the money they earn is what makes their lives less stressful and more comfortable, would perhaps make the dream less marketable.

      If FIRE is a movement away from W2 jobs and towards entrepreneurship, that’s wonderful. If FIRE is a movement to promote frugality, great. If it’s a movement to promote a balanced life, also wonderful. If it’s a movement to teach people about compounding interest and the importance of saving early, that’s also a worthy goal. Any of these is worthy. All of these are worthy.

      But the movement and the bloggers need to be honest, and I see a movement I very much respected becoming just another example of slick marketing. Why is the Chautauqua so expensive? Can’t people practice what they preach and camp out? Why does every blog flog Personal Capital (maybe the $100 referral fee)? Why are the blogs so obviously and aggressively monetized? I thought people were financially free- is linking PC to the end of every blog post really their dream in life? Why are so many obsessed with highly monetized pursuits and so few with, say, learning to paint or writing a novel?

      I don’t begrudge people earning money as they see fit. I don’t care what people do after their W2 jobs end. I do dislike slick marketing, false advertising, and the aggressive denial many bloggers exhibit about their obvious intention to make vast amounts of money from their blogs, real estate courses, and other side hustles. It’s disingenuous, and I agree that being forthcoming would enhance, not harm, the very valuable movement.

  • Lady Locust October 10, 2018, 12:09 pm

    Excellent post! Some of those comments are really quite comical. There have been a couple small morsels that you’ve suggested that I don’t agree with (personal beliefs) but the vast bulk of information you provide is rock solid. Why wouldn’t I use that vast bulk to my advantage? The results are far greater than throwing away the entire idea because I have one or two little glitches to work around.
    Have a great day.

  • Kate October 10, 2018, 2:18 pm

    One complaint I often run into about FIRE is that it “hurts relationships.” People assume you become so stingy that you show up to group events empty-handed and always mooch off your friends.

    Have to explain: FIRE makes your relationships RICHER. Last weekend I had a dinner party at my house for 8 people that probably cost $20 in groceries and it was one of the best 6 hours I ever spent on a Saturday evening. Each of our friends brought a bottle of wine to share – no one spent more than $10 – and the evening abounded in good food, drink, and company. Alternatively, we could have gone to a restaurant where everyone had to spend $30 before drinks and we would have been rushed from our table after 2 hours.

    With FIRE, you help your friends, and they help you. My clown car battery died on a Friday night and instead of calling a tow company, a friend drove over and helped me jump it. The month before that, I helped those same friends move. Guess what – our relationships were strengthened by this mutual aid, and we all saved money.

    …obviously I’m preaching to the choir here. It’s just one other thing I find particularly frustrating. FIRE will only bring you new friends and make you enjoy your existing friends more.

    • Tyler October 13, 2018, 7:45 am

      True up until the point that your much less industrious friends start to envy your lifestyle and resent you for it. A true friend wouldn’t do that but unfortunately sometimes human nature shows its nasty side regardless.

  • KingZ October 10, 2018, 9:55 pm

    My first direction to FIRE was YMOYL in 2011, which then found me looking at personal finance blogs. Found MMM back then and also Dividend Mantra. Getting close to FI, and lived reading you did the forward on the new edition. I may just have to purchase a hard-copy for my reference shelf. I have recommended it several times, now I can lend it! I have a whole lot of appreciation for all of the education along the way.

  • Carolyn October 11, 2018, 4:58 pm

    Ignoring the news is a form of white privilege. Not being informed on things “beyond your control” is a copout and lazy.

    It is not the responsibility of the oppressed to fight for social justice, yet so often the burden falls on them. It is a luxury and you are already rich indeed if you are able to tune out the world around you because the policies of your country don’t affect you directly, whether that is because of your race, gender, or sexual orientation.

    Just because you don’t have to see or experience racism, sexism, ableism, ageism, or any other form of discrimination doesn’t mean it does not exist and that everyone else gets to ignore it, too. You don’t have to be glued to the news cycle to take in what’s going on with your fellow human.

    The key is probably media literacy (which can be learned!) so that you can sift through the information onslaught and think critically about what, why and how information is being presented to you (and who is presenting it). I went to journalism school and get most of my news by following an international wire service. Regional and local news is also important, however about 40% of news organizations in the U.S. are owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group, which you are welcome to read up on and form your own opinion about.

    Think it would be great if we all pushed ourselves a little harder. Ya’ll seem like the type of people that get it! Usually I enjoy most of this blog but I find the recommendation to “completely avoid the daily news cycle” disappointing.

    If you don’t understand what I’m talking about in my above comment re: white privilege I would recommend seeking out writers/educators/activists from marginalized communities and reading up on the matter.

    • Tyler October 13, 2018, 7:52 am

      I don’t think racial and “privilege” concerns have anything to do with getting caught up in the daily news cycle. Daily news has virtually no impact on everyday living, and you’d have to be living under a rock to not notice the cultural, economic, or general sociological trends that are currently affecting humanity. If these trends don’t directly affect you, why would you need to be admonished for not paying attention to them?

      I think MMM’s point is that well-to-do people in “privileged” situations are still wasting their time focusing on negative events and things going on in the world that don’t affect them. None of this suggests that they still can’t be empathetic and do what they can to aid in certain causes but it doesn’t mean they need to be reading the news everyday…actually no one needs to be reading the news everyday unless a hurricane is literally about to pull up your house off its foundation.

  • Simple Money Man October 12, 2018, 9:22 am

    My favorite part: “If you are afraid of what might happen in the future, you have a mental problem rather than a financial problem. So you should work on that first, by training your mind and body:”

    We shouldn’t plan and prepare based on fear. It should be based on the motivation to do what we really want in life. And we don’t have to wait. We can start doing some of it now! Thanks for the insight.

    • MKE October 12, 2018, 12:58 pm

      If you are afraid of what might happen in the future, you have almost certainly experienced some trauma in the past. This is the “mental problem.”

      I once left my car in a lot without jumper cables. Abnormal for me. Zero degrees and I called a friend . He said, “I don’t think anywhere is open.” I was baffled, but eventually found out he’d never jumped a car in his life! What’s more, he had never, despite being in his mid-30’s ever experienced any form of car issue. He merely filled his tanks and the tires and changed the oil.

      For my part, I had changed out engines, replaced wheels, carburetors, transmissions, catalytic converters. Plenty more and note the use of the plural.

      Our historical buying habits were quite different. He saw a car he liked and bought it. I researched reliability in several ways, looked into vehicle history reports, and took potential purchases to mechanics for in-depth professional evaluation.

      Explaining this carefulness, what I think is minor due diligence to some people, it is apparent they think I have a “mental problem.” It didn’t work, anyway. Hopefully I never buy a car again.

      If life has been rose petals thrown at your feet and money stuffed into your pockets, you will likely expect it to continue. If a few banana peels have appeared underfoot, and grenades tossed into your window, you will come to believe that those things happen. I am not sure of Suze Ormann’s background – I am not a fan – but I would not be at all surprised to learn of financial trauma in her past.

  • Tyler October 13, 2018, 7:42 am

    I’m a huge proponent of working hard/lifestyle design and this blog, but this always gets to me:

    “Sure, many of the people most passionate about FIRE tend to be tech workers and doctors who happen to make a lot of money. When people with lower salaries notice this fact, they tune out and assume the ideas won’t work for them. When in fact, they work even better, the further down the income scale you go.”

    Income will always matter. Whether the variable is time or sacrifice, more income means less of either. To be fair, I guess a high income person could be used to high spending so they would technically be sacrificing more, but the lower income person is simply forced to do without because of, well, lower income.

    There are no two ways about it: higher income ensures you meet your basic living expenses far quicker than lower income. Then you have way more time and energy because you’re less stressed to figure out what to do with the excess.

    And as hopeless as it may sound, I think anyone who pursues financial independence is a very self-selecting group. These people have already done the heavy lifting and put copious amounts of time into improving themselves or they wouldn’t have gotten the higher paying jobs to begin with. As you put it many times, all they have to do is be slightly less ridiculous in spending than the majority and they will still come out way ahead. As “Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance” puts it, quality begins with the person and how they approach anything will end up being how they approach everything. You can impact someone that’s already open ears and willing to learn and improve, but you can’t help someone that isn’t naturally inclined to improve and willing to listen. And people that are stuck in jobs they don’t like almost always fall into the latter so it’s not as simple as “get a better job”.

    Seemingly, someone in a much lower paying job than the majority here has the option of pursuing higher paying work and then they can omit the income argument. But in reality, it’s probably way too complicated than to boil it down to “work harder” in order to for them to improve and advance. Not saying it isn’t possible and doesn’t happen of course.

    • dharma bum October 14, 2018, 12:26 pm

      I am truly amazed by the number of attempts to disparage or discredit financial independence.
      As it pertains to early retirement in the “Mustachian” sense, there really are no negatives.
      I truly believe that most detractors are trapped in a brainwashed state. They have not been able to experience the paradigm shift necessary to think beyond their societal pre-programmed construct mentality.
      Simply stated, they just don’t get it yet.
      MMM has addressed the naysayers’ arguments time and time and again with concise, logical, and illustrative explanations and clarifications. Yet the same old negativity about aspects of FIRE that have already been addressed numerous times keep arising.
      I guess those opposed aren’t very attentive or detail oriented.
      I still say that the masses are victims of mainstream brainwashing.
      Enlightenment doesn’t always come easy.
      Reality is harder to see for some than others.
      I also get the sense that MMM is getting somewhat tired of having to repeat himself by readdressing the same old faulty arguments over and over.
      Time to start paying attention, people.
      Paradise awaits!

    • Ilona October 15, 2018, 4:59 am

      @Tyler re: “Sure, many of the people most passionate about FIRE tend to be tech workers and doctors who happen to make a lot of money. When people with lower salaries notice this fact, they tune out and assume the ideas won’t work for them. When in fact, they work even better, the further down the income scale you go.”

      Not true. I was working as a scientist and then became a nurse. I also completed a master’s degree. Each career change meant time off work and decreased earning potential. Today, if my employer/company blew up and I did not have a job, I would be just fine and would NOT need to find another job. Why? following MMM ways. My stats: max earning 80000 (Canadian dollars, to boot); house is mortgage free; pension plan fully funded; RRSP (aka IRA) almost fully funded; Tax Free Savings Account almost fully funded; self directed mutual funds looking pretty good. I’m thinking of going from full time to part time –> I don’t want to stop working because I like my community nursing work (very rewarding), my clients/patients seek me out over other colleagues, I have seen my clients achieve their optimum health despite obstacles, I am working with overdose prevention and cannabis prevention for youth and young adults (Canada legalizes marijuana Oct. 17). In conclusion, I am FIRE ready, happy, healthy and sleep well at night. And I am not a doctor or tech. worker :)

    • Ms Blaise October 16, 2018, 5:54 pm

      there are real life case stories in the Barefoot Investor of people on low incomes gaining financial independence.

      • TO_Ont October 17, 2018, 9:05 am

        I don’t doubt at all that it’s possible. But I frequently hear people argue, with a seemingly straight face, that it’s equally difficult. Which is deeply insulting, both to everyone’s intelligence, and to the people working ten times as hard to make it work by living on minute incomes that are a tiny fraction of what most FIRE people consider minimal.

        Someone who has a 90k income and wants to live on a third of it does not have any actual practical problem whatsoever. They purely have a psychological challenge. You simply can not say the same about someone who is aiming to live on a third of a 25k income.

        Possible, maybe. Worth aiming more towards even if they don’t succeed all the way, yes. To be celebrated, sure.

        But the same? ‘Equally difficult’??? Just as easy??? That’s either willfully stupid or just insulting.

        • Ms Blaise October 17, 2018, 4:07 pm

          I think maybe we ought to remember that even lower salaries still make us amongst the wealthiest few percent in the world.

  • Michael CPO, From The far side of the planet October 14, 2018, 5:05 pm

    Would be interesting if you did a piece on long term nursing home care retirement costs…options for FIRE folks like ourselves? https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/23/nursing-home-care-can-quickly-deplete-your-retirement-savings.html

  • cscs October 15, 2018, 1:41 am

    Seems like the awareness is rising since about 2012/2013, now at roughly 3x since then.


  • ANN V CROWLEY October 15, 2018, 7:12 am

    The only point of disagreement from me is you can get those barbells on Craigslist for free- another $100 saved.

  • OvertheRainbow October 15, 2018, 8:04 am

    I think Suze makes good points. MMM overlooks the cost of healthcare when it comes to having retirement planning as he has only catastrophic insurance which would not necessarily save a person from having their portfolio wiped out if something bad but not necessarily devastating comes along. Also, educational costs are out of control. Your typical state school is starting to become cost-prohibitive. To call these costs “comically tiny” shows just how out of touch MMM is.

    He also is overly optimistic about market returns. Many so-called FIRE people would not have survived a 2008 crash and would have been forced to pick up some sort of job to create a buffer for their portfolio, hence defeating the purpose.of being supposedly independent.

    That said, I will say that Suze is also out of touch. No one needs 300k per year to live and while I can see needing a larger nest egg that can generate greater than 100 percent working income to offset market downturns or cover murphies, I don’t think it is anywhere near as high why Suze thinks it is.

    Both are pushing their own agendas as both have large sums of income at stake.

  • WinterSky October 15, 2018, 8:13 am

    Hey there MMM,
    I’m a pretty average Complainypants in most ways, but I’m still super glad that I came across your blog (via hearing about it from a fellow software engineer, of course) and wanted to thank you for existing among the endless pile of well-meaning advice that never bothers to critique the underlying way we view money and spending.
    As someone who’s pretty young, it wasn’t too long ago that I went through my first round of retirement planning, but alas, I did not come across MMM, and instead I found the far more common advice like Orman’s, the 50/30/20 rule, and such, and I went on my way planning for 40+ years of working and spending 30% of my income on… ???
    Even the retirement calculators I’d used had me saving up to some arbitrary fraction of my pre-retirement income (read: somehow needing more annual income in today’s dollars *than I currently earn*).
    And it’s just amazing how much all of that income-based, lifestyle-inflation-assuming advice warps your perception of spending. I’d thought of myself as pretty inexpensive as someone who wasn’t constantly replacing my wardrobe twice over every year or whatever $15,000 of random shit per year would look like, but with that “minimalist budget” in my head, I did stupid things like buy stuff I didn’t even want that badly “because I can afford it.”
    It was just *assumed* that this chunk of my money *existed to be spent*, so I should buy anything I even remotely wanted until I hit that ceiling, because obviously there are always *things* with *price tags* out there that would make you happier if you found them and bought them.
    It didn’t feel right, but I never saw it so clearly stated until I found MMM. Why am I calculating my lifelong spending needs in terms of a salary I just got a year ago? Why am I assuming that I’m going to work 40 years and might as well make the best of it? Why am I assuming that spending 30% of my income is required to “make the best of it.”? Why the FUCK was no one calling me out harder on BUYING SHIT I DIDN’T REALLY WANT JUST BECAUSE I “HAVE MONEY.”
    And then I found Mr. Money Mustache. Mr. Money Mustache will be having none of those bullshit “wants” that are really just shopping impulses, and he will even take aim at those things you considered “needs” and revealed them for what they were: conveniences I am actively choosing to buy.
    And while I am far from Mustachian, seeing what a real example of frugality looks like has helped me reframe the choices I’m making. Mr. Money Mustache has illuminated the contrast between excessive consumption and minimalist spending, where instead of assuming that more spending means more happiness, no purchase should be made unless it can pass the test “Will buying this contribute more to my long-term self-fullment than NOT buying it?”
    And though I do not strive to be Mr. Money Mustache, I feel like I am going forward with far greater awareness of the lifestyle choices I’m making and the cost that comes with them. I may still choose the new car, the air conditioning, and some random shit here and there, but it will be without the illusion of a “reasonable budget.” They are not “required,” and choosing them will be why I retire older than the Mustachians. Or maybe in a few years, I’ll decide a used car sounds pretty good. Or I’ll find a job closer to home. Not because Mr. Money Mustache told me to, but because he gave me all the tools I needed to evaluate that decision for myself in a way more meaningful than “What’s the most I could spend without burying myself in never-ending debt?”
    So, thanks, Mr. Money Mustache and all the Mustachians out there, for proving that the standard Complainypants lifestyle is not the only choice out there. Don’t let the critics get you down. Just seeing that you all exist is enough to have the rest of us start questioning all the assumptions about spending and retirement that we’s been taking for granted.

  • M October 15, 2018, 8:41 am

    I have never been a fan of Suzie Orman, I think she’s trying to deflect the interest in FIRE that has been gaining over last months in the hopes people will still buy her crappy outdated books. She’s supposed to be a “financial expert”, but I read she was ripping on early retirees because they wouldn’t be earning money in the decades after they stopped earning. It’s called compound interest, it’s magical and is completely at odds with her advice.

  • SimonP October 15, 2018, 2:47 pm

    You have to give SO credit for figuring out a clever business niche, built around people’s bad habits and poor math skills. She helps people with their financial problems, but she only helps them a little bit so their problems remain chronic, like a virus. A person who has a car payment, a student loan, and no savings and wants to take a resort week in Hawaii is not told to rethink the big picture. Instead he’s just told to build up an emergency fund first, and then take the trip. A person who doesn’t know how to save for retirement is given a confusing lecture about Roth 403bs and how to avoid taxes. That’s certainly the right financial advice if you want repeat business from those people, although maybe it’s not helping them very much.

  • Married to a Swabian October 15, 2018, 3:21 pm

    I picked up the New York Times this weekend and was reading through the Sunday Business section, when it REALLY became clear to me, “Holy shit, there are people out there that flush their money down the toilet on a daily basis!”
    The article was about a successful business called “Rent the Runway”, where women can pay $159/mo to rent up to four pieces of designer clothing. If that weren’t anti-Mustachian enough, the article went on to say that customers could get a deal on a fancy wool designer sweater that normally goes for $1275!! For the low low price of just $765!
    Suze must be drinking the cool aid at businesses like this, thus the need for the cool $5 million nest egg.

    • TO_Ont October 19, 2018, 9:10 am

      I have met people who know they are throwing money away, but are happy to do it. Sometimes they have enough savings that it’s not dangerous, sometimes they don’t.

      But it’s not really ignorance in the people I talk to, it’s an emotional thing. Some of it is just craving the things the money can buy, but it’s not just that. Being deliberately wasteful with money makes them feel wealthy. It literally gives them pleasure to see themselves being wasteful.

      It’s obviously a value that causes all kinds of problems in society and in individual lives. But it’s not primarily a question of intelligence or education, that I can see (other than maybe more intelligent or financially educated people are more likely to make sure they have savings first before they start burning money).

      But the problem isn’t that people don’t understand they’re being wasteful. The problem is that for many people (in many parts of the world, not just north america) waste is something intrinsically enjoyable for its own sake.

  • Randolph Hawkins October 16, 2018, 5:00 am

    I have to say I hate FIRE and I Love it too. Sometimes though I get really really depressed. I’m heading into a point where I’m now responsible for others (wife and hopefully kids soon). I’m realizing how poorly I handled my money the last several years. I’m realizing I could’ve have two to three times what I have in assets if I hadn’t of pissed away so much money. I’m realizinf I’m trapped at my job because of debt and that it will take 10-15 years more if I want to even sniff at FI. It’s the most depressing thing. I wish I knew about this 11 years ago. I used to pat myself on the back for having a 401k cross the six figure mark in my early 30s…then I saw that I wasn’t even close to the level people here are on the path to FI and that if I hadn’t of been an idiot I would be too. I love the possibility of what my eyes have been opened to. I hate the desperation and sadness I feel at not having been aware of it earlier

  • Caroline October 16, 2018, 7:33 am

    The further out an idea spreads, the more there will be dissension and alternative opinions — that’s just the numbers. I do think Suze Orman missed a lot of key points about FIRE but if I focus on the good (and I find that’s always helpful) I see that it was a great marketing coup on both sides. The FIRE topic (and Afford Anything podcast) got spread to Suze’s fans, who may not be aware of it, and Suze got exposure to the growing FIRE audience. I don’t listen to a lot of podcasts but when I read all the blowback from the interview I had to listen — that’s good marketing.

  • Deanna October 16, 2018, 8:05 am

    I appreciate this article to address Suze’s criticism of FIRE. I believe all of us in this movement are unlikely to be deterred by her beliefs. What concerns me is that for those considering the movement or even just folks considering how much to save for a retirement in their 60’s, I believe her message does a great deal of harm. When people feel like a retirement number is not achievable no matter what they do, it is discouraging. Why save even 5, 10, or 15% for retirement when you know you will never achieve some crazy net worth of $10 million? I am glad the podcast appears to have reinvigorated (not that we needed it) our passion for FIRE; I just hope she hasn’t demotivated others on a different path.

  • Mike October 16, 2018, 1:35 pm

    MMM — I believe I see the disconnect here. Once you strip away the scare-tactics and outrageous numbers from the discussion, there is some valid underlying criticism. However, it’s valid only because of the way the FIRE movement is being implemented at the individual level, not due to a fundamental flaw with FI, as you have correctly pointed out. The reality is that there are a lot of scarcity-minded FIREees that are running away from work, toward something they haven’t thought through yet. You’ve seen the issue pop up multiple times — the MMM forums are full of posters who hate their jobs but won’t change them, you just tweeted about the LinkedIn article about “exhausted and anxiety-ridden workers”, many well-known bloggers learned about early retirement because they hated their jobs, and the biggest red flag of all: the NYTimes follow-up FAQ article from 9/11/18 says “Instead of leaving the work force, why not find a more rewarding job? We posed this question to several FIRE adherents, and the short answer was, they didn’t consider that option.”

    So the signs seem pretty clear. While there are a number of well-adjusted, curious, and thoughtful people fixing their lives and increasing happy abundance, there are at least as many scarcity-minded, defeated people who say “wow I only need to be miserable for 15 more years instead of 40? Sign me up! Work sucks!”.

    I believe this is the biggest confusion in the whole FI space, and it’s one that would be great for you to address directly. Taken as a whole, your blog is very clear on this subject, but it still needs to be spelled out clearly and directly for the community. Keep up the good work!

  • JWo October 17, 2018, 7:01 am

    Hi MM,

    In number 6 above you mention “move to another state or even country in order to qualify for local tuition rates or more reasonable medical rates”. aren’t most of the tuition rates and medical rates based on taxes? If we all quit paying taxes where will these nice amenities come from in the future? There are a lot of people on welfare, which I hate paying for. What will happen to them? FIRE works great, but aren’t we all supposed to be on the team? If we all flock to another state/country it puts pressure on their system because we haven’t been putting into it. How does that work?


  • Colleen R. October 17, 2018, 10:20 am

    Thank you, Mr. MMM, for another fabulous post! I agree with many of the comments which mentioned that the “RE” part of “FIRE” is what gets a lot of people outside the movement riled up. After all, how could Suze, or anyone, really, argue with achieving FI? As many comments have stated, FI is a huge risk reducer, it gives you a cushion, options, breathing room. Of course, it’s the “RE” part that makes for a good story, a la the NYT article. A story about someone who achieved FI and just kept working wouldn’t be as interesting to the average reader, as opposed to some interesting story about a millennial who “retires” at 30. We became FI several years ago. Since then, we have been careful with our money and my husband has continued to work, because he enjoys it, we value the company health insurance, etc. However, he recently negotiated a LOWER salary than offered in return for certain concessions. I am mostly a stay-at-home mom, but pick up part-time contract work from time to time doing projects that interest me. FI has given us the luxury of doing this.

  • Dave October 18, 2018, 10:49 am

    FYI for those of us that prefer some science behind the happiness goal MMM has been teaching us for years, the #1 requested course amoung students at Yale University, which has been adapted to the MOOC platform Coursera.com, is The Science of Well-Being tough by Yale professor Laurie Santos. It’s research based proof of what FIRE can be from a happiness maximization perspective. Check it out: https://www.coursera.org/learn/the-science-of-well-being/home/welcome (free!)

  • janesdtr October 22, 2018, 12:10 pm

    Just learned about your blog and so glad you’re encouraging this movement among younger people. My husband and I have been practicing this for over 30 years. We have lived frugally, but have loosened as we’ve achieved financial breathing room and our kids have transitioned to adults. We’re still working by choice and have been fortunate to have comfortable incomes, but we have friends with larger incomes who have much less to show, largely because they confused their wants with needs or recognized the distinction and chose to put off saving for another day.

    Here’s how I know this strategy is income independent. My grandparents, who had 8th and 3rd grade educations and were young adults in the depression, were able to accumulate impressive savings on the wages of a meat butcher and shop clerk. They were extremely frugal, and my grandfather hustled multiple jobs at different points in his life, but all of their true needs and most of their expectations were met, so they were satisfied.

    Carry on…!

  • Florida Mike October 22, 2018, 12:19 pm

    I don’t always agree 100% with what MMM writes but this article was spot on! I hear so many people share their negative commentary when I tell them I hope to retire early as if its a crime to be financially responsible and want to plan for the future and not work until I am 70 (early 50s now). I think folks around my age are the worst offenders as we have been brought up to believe you have to put your 20-30 years in somewhere and work your way to the top.

    So let the naysayers have their opinion for as they say, “Opinions are like a**holes, everybody’s got one”.

  • TheStealthyRich October 22, 2018, 1:37 pm

    Nailed it, Nailed it, Nailed it. As always, new comers to the FIRE movement have a hard time understanding the true goal of FIRE. Freedom and happiness. Once it clicks though watch out because it is so easy to get behind. Already hearing rumblings of Suze “lightening up” on her opinion of the movement. Good for her. Never too late to change.

    • Ilona October 24, 2018, 11:50 am

      Yes, I saw that Ms Orman has changed her views slightly. Quote: But I now realize that I was given bad information. Retire Early for FIRE followers is not about stopping work completely. It is about stopping work that you don’t like, or just do for the money, and finding work that you actually enjoy, and that fulfills you.
      Reference: http://time.com/money/5428520/suze-orman-fire-movement/
      wtg MMM!

  • Nick October 24, 2018, 8:00 am

    I think the attacks on the “movement” come – as you point out – because of the size of the community has now become big enough for people to label it as a “movement”, make some collective assumptions about it’s logic and biases, and then judge it based on their assumptions rather than an in-depth understanding of its principles.
    First – there are a thousand different strands of FI, as anyone who reads around the blogs knows. The young dude writing his new blog claiming he wants to “ditch the rat race and live on a yacht” will mellow with time. The hermit who lives in a cave and eats only nuts and root vegetables is an outlier. Rapid, selective reading with an eye for criticism isn’t a good approach.
    Second – a lot of the commentators are provocateurs by career choice. They go on air to tell people why this or that is a bad idea, and the only time they support something is if it comes from them. A sort of “not invented here” problem.
    Finally – There’s really nothing to criticize when you read the generally accepted definitions of Financial Independence : “The freedom to do what you want, without the constraint of having to work to keep the lights on,” for example. That doesn’t mean retirement (I don’t like the word and think it’s misleading).
    To criticize this, talking heads will employ a tried and tested debating strategy. They start by stating the premise, then they counter by saying it’s based on false assumptions, faulty logic on inherent biases or misunderstandings, and they conclude by attacking you based on their idea of what underpins your philosophy. Basically: they put words in your mouth and then criticize ideas you never actually put forward.
    To counter this, we need do nothing. We are not a movement. We’re individuals applying discipline and planning to our lives to achieve a given (positive) outcome. Given our entire project requires that we ignore a lot of “advice”, “obvious facts” and societal assumptions about consumption, spending, salary and savings, we shouldn’t need to flex our mental muscles too much to ignore this rubbish too.
    Apologies for the super-long comment. It was on my chest.

  • JK October 24, 2018, 11:25 pm

    It seems Market Watch also picked up today your description and is talking about Suzie Orman’s fears. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/suze-orman-missed-the-point-of-retirement-and-thats-why-she-went-back-to-work-2018-10-23?siteid=yhoof2&yptr=yahoo You wrote an excellent description of what FIRE is.

  • Jennifer L Diggs October 25, 2018, 6:04 pm

    I was so impressed and so grateful to see that there is a movement of people who think the way I do. I just watched your interview on the PBS NEWSHOUR with Paul Salman and I cannot tell you how thrilled I was. Just bookmarked your site and am looking forward to good reading and getting acquainted. If there are folks in Northern Virginia and North Carolina I would love to know how to link up with them.

  • Steph October 25, 2018, 8:57 pm

    I just found you as a result of the piece on PBS. Since the topic you address is much on my mind these days, I am very happy to gobble up your blog. The ship has sailed for me to retire early, really — I’m 54, I’ve been working my whole adult life, single no kids. But after many years of balancing care-giving and a demanding management job, I hit a wall after the death of my mom and arranged to take a 6 month sabbatical to recovery. I financed my time off with a combination of savings and taking a little equity out of my house (I still have lots of equity). I am getting the hang of selling stuff online, and pondering what my next move is. With $400k in 401k, I’m not able to stop making money permanently. I have six months of downtime to plan the next move. I really desire to do something different — with or for animals — but I’d be lucky to squeak by on what that would bring in so reducing expenses is critical. Any words of wisdom or advice will be appreciated. In general, thank you.

    • Mr. Money Mustache October 26, 2018, 10:38 am

      Welcome Steph!

      It sounds like entrepreneurship could be a good companion to this stage of life, to replace income so you don’t need to work in the stressful management job. Depending on your house and your location, you could even host people via AirBnb, renting out part of your house. But that’s just one example (which is on my mind because I just tried it for the first time myself last week!) – keep those business and creativity eyes open and reduce the stress of mandatory employment. Good luck!

  • Robert Donovan October 26, 2018, 10:20 am

    I currently make about 20K per year, live in my RV, and have found it to be a very enjoyable lifestyle. I do not intend for my income to remain that low, but I still save 30-50% each year. My living expenses are $860/month in San Diego. Looking for jobs outside of the California Soviet Socialist Republic in a state that doesn’t cost as much. I only need 258K to follow the straight 4% rule, and taking into account inflation, taxes, and sequence of returns risk, $400K-$500K to support my current lifestyle. I call this my Maslow minimum, or post-subsistence. Every dollar after that into that account simply increases the standard of living I can afford to support. I plan to buy some land and build a small house for a home base. This can be done in stages, debt free. Once the account gets big enough to support my chosen level of acquisitive satisfaction, what I call post-satiation, letting it grow just buys further security against unexpected market events, expenses and emergencies. As far as Suze Orman is concerned, I refuse to take financial advice from a woman who can’t be troubled to spell her first name correctly.

    The only point I would make here is that those who make significantly more than the median income in the US have the advantage of being able to reach whatever their personal post-subsistence number is just by saving because their income is already high. Those of us that don’t make as much need to also concentrate on increasing our income, but not to astronomical levels so long as spending is kept in check. I actually recommend to friends who ask me about this that below $30-$35K, I’d target 30% savings and then concentrate on earning better income, and splitting any new income 80% to savings and 20% to spending until they hit at least 50%.

  • Jim October 29, 2018, 12:59 pm

    There is nothing new about this lifestyle. My wife and I have been doing it since 1987. Many people who farm or are rural residents have been doing this kind of living forever. They had to. You save smaller amounts to get to a bigger amount. You live below your means so you have a nest egg. If it gets bigg enough, you make a decision to retire earlier.

    Following the Great Depression, millions of Americans adopted this lifestyle of saving and/or investing and living below their means to have something set aside for the unknowable future. It provided many families with a sense of security and has been passed on as estate wealth.

    What IS different today and in the recent past is the rise of the profligate consumer, a phenomenon I can only trace back as far as the mid-1980s, when American citizens began to be sold the bill of goods that “greed is good” and they could live the material “good life” and “keep up with the Joneses,” and that debt – even extreme debt – was the perfect route to doing that. That is what has changed, the fundamental use of debt as a means of acquisition of even the smallest consumer goods, like a Big Mac.

    I never would imagine seeing my mother use a credit card to buy a shake at McDonalds. Yet this is what people do millions of times every day now. THAT is the news story I wish the media would cover.

    I wish the media would tell people that money is nothing more than a representation of their life time that they have expended to get it. You cannot get that time investment back, so it is important how you spend your time that you have folded up in your wallet. Keeping this one fact top of mind could change many a spending habit. Every penny that goes away from me represents life time that I cannot replace.

    Then I wish the media would tell folks that life and money work on a sliding scale. When one is young, he or she typically has an excess of life energy – plenty of fire to get a lot done – but usually not much money, since it is a starting out time. As one ages, the life energy ebbs gradually. As energy diminishes, money saved and invested from younger days needs to be there to take the place of diminished energies.

    The best quote I ever heard about personal economics came from an old farmer. He said:

    “Think of money like a football game. When you are young, you need to be throwing those Hail Mary passes down the field, trying to score the biggest touchdowns you can. You have time on the clock to run more plays if one fails. As you get older like me, you need to start playing a prevent defense.”

    In the current profligate environment, I often hear from people concerned I am deprived, or I am wasting my chances in life, because we choose to be largely home-based and keep our money. But actually, it is the opposite. Having that money allows us to be free, whereas those who are concerned we are shortchanging ourselves have actually done it to themselves. They have mortgaged their future time to have something fleeting now. The fleeting thrill goes away but the future time debt remains. And it often causes anxiety.

    I’ll never regret this lifestyle. Because I saved and invested, I am doing economically things that I want to do or that get me to certain goals, rather than things that I am forced to do because of past spendthrift ways.

    Keep the faith!

  • Scott October 30, 2018, 8:23 pm

    Hoping to be retired in 6 years at age 46. I’m not a pure moustachian in the sense that I have no intention of retiring to a level of frugality that most people on here are planning. Instead I am hoping to have enough savings and passive income to replace my current take home plus about 10 – 20% extra for a cushion. This will be accomplished through a pension, 3 condo investment properties and finally my stock portfolio. For the naysayers that blather about market crashes, here’s how I plan to weather such storms: 1. have enough cash on hand to cover my stock income for at least a year so I don’t have to sell low. 2. Live more frugally until the market ticks back up in a year or two. 3. Dividends. Even in a highly diversified portfolio, one should expect at least 1.5% dividends even in the event of a downturn. So combining my passive income streams, cash and dividends, I would easily be able to meet my needs. Also, to those just getting started and feeling discouraged, 8 years ago, my wife and I had about $60,000 in combined savings. Today our net worth is nearly $1,000,000. It can be done.

  • Thought Instrument October 31, 2018, 4:25 am

    I do agree that the FIRE movement certainly has all the benefits in terms of personal wellbeing. However, in the grand scheme of things, I believe it may not be healthy for the global economy if all of us were to jump onto the FIRE bandwagon.

    Imagine how the GDP would begin to shrink, the global economy would grind to a halt, and jobs would become scarcer than it is now because money capital is just not flowing fast enough to sustain such an efficient way of personal expenditure. Then, people who have already FIRE-ed would start to see their investment returns going down significantly. Soon, everyone will start to need to find other sources of income (perhaps start to find work again?) to kickstart the economic engine back up again.

    I am definitely not trying to say FIRE is all bad; I am just trying to constructively offer an alternative perspective in giving a bigger picture of the effect of too much FIRE going on in the economy. It is definitely great to advocate an alternative ideology such as FIRE in the face of the miserable rat race most of us are facing for the longest time, but as a society, we may need to strike some balance altogether to prevent any sort of potential collapse of capitalism. Cheers!

  • Matt November 6, 2018, 4:16 am

    Surely FIRE means slightly different things to different people. What FIRE means to you will depend on your current job or work life (and how happy or otherwise you are with it).

    It will also depend on what you wish to do with your life once you have achieved financial independence. If you wish to quit your job and do something different, then you can go right ahead. If however you love your work, then why not continue, safe in the wonderful safety blanket of FIRE.

    If the alternative is working a corporate job 8-6pm everyday in a cubicle, then surely achieving financial independence, however you define it, is better in every way?

  • Katie Camel November 15, 2018, 11:46 am

    My dad introduced me to finance through Suze Orman when I was probably about 19 or 20 and I used to love her show, especially the part when viewers would call in to determine whether or not they could or could not afford something. I was always so proud when I could decide on my own how someone was doing financially. Part of me even wanted to call in to hear her tell me I could afford to buy some little thing my heart desired just because I wanted her to tell me, “Girlfriend, you’re on track! You CAN afford it!” I never did because I knew I could afford some stupid expensive coat or handbag, but I wanted affirmation. Yeah, well, that was a long time ago. I was disgusted by her condescension with Paula Pant’s interview! I saw a side of her I didn’t know existed and never wanted to listen to her again. However, I do think she made some very relevant points in regards to the unexpected life events. Even so, she overlooks the fact that so many ERs continue to work after “retiring,” though that work may look different or pay less. She seems to either have 1) not done her FIRE homework, or 2) to have used it as a PR stunt to sell more stuff. It’s kind of like how Britney Spears made her “return” by hanging out with the new “It girl” Paris Hilton years ago to get back into the tabloids and get publicity. Somehow, I think this is her return – by gaining a new audience through FIRE. Only FIRE people know we don’t need $5-10 million to retire because we don’t live extravagant lifestyles! Anyway, nice analysis! Thanks for bringing this situation back to earth, MMM!

  • That Tom Hall November 23, 2018, 2:40 pm

    Hey all great stuff. Buuuut not a frugal meditation app suggestion — Insight Timer is free and amazing, unlike Headspace, Calm, 10% Happier, Waking Up…. (they are fine to develop a habit, but we’re trying to be frugal and expend our own effort here). Insight Timer won’t provide affiliate link income to ya, but it’s a great meditation app!

    • Mr. Money Mustache November 24, 2018, 6:12 pm

      Thanks for the suggestions Tom! I am replying to help mark your response as a useful one, but will mention those in the article as well.

      I have no affiliation with Headspace or Camp Calm either (other than knowing David Cain in person and respecting his work), but even if I did I would not let that affect my recommendation.

  • MoneyGoatee June 18, 2019, 1:05 pm

    Retiring in the 30s may be extreme, but retiring at 40s or 50s and living comfortably thereafter is still VERY doable with the same philosophy. Considering that many people can’t retire or won’t ever retire, anyone who is able to retire before 62 is a winner in my eyes. The philosophy is based on simple mathematics on how to accumulate wealth, not some cult-like hocus pocus.

  • Jake December 30, 2019, 7:20 am

    It’s probably been said, but this is one of the things people don’t understand about retirement/financial independence. I’m not there yet (barely started working on it this year, I plan to be there in 5.), but I tell people I’ll work because I want to. I could pick up a part time job, volunteer at pet shelters, etc. and not have to worry about money. I’ll be able to do what I want, when I want, and be fine. I also make a lot less money than most people. In fact, I make about 30% of the median wage in the US!

    But I still will retire by the end of next decade. I made a net 20k last year. I saved 10k. I had ~3k in retirement, and ~7k in a savings account. I still had a ton of fun (went on 5 road trips, two cross country trips, 500 bucks on fireworks, etc), and now I’m at a job I enjoy. I saved 50% of my income while still enjoying life.

    I haven’t been too long of a reader of his blog, since frankly (like you said), there’s just so many. But there’s a few things that I really enjoy from you. One of which was the whole “500k savings, 500k investments) account, and the “if you save x amount, it takes y years to retire”. Both of these really changed how I thought about money, savings, and retirement, so for that, I thank you

    One of the things I tell most of my friends is that it’s 100% a mindset thing. Anybody can get wealthy, and be able to retire, even nearly. But there’s just so many excuses. One person told me they couldn’t do it because “I don’t want to be a slave for years and have no fun in life”, and they made more than me living in the same areas! I wish there was something changed about this, and I try to push those people to be the best person they can be. For everyone, that’s different. For some people, it’s living in a van helping troubled youth. For others, it’s being able to travel the world and meet new people. I’ve recently started changing my mindset more to a “I will get this done”, and it’s helped so much. I’m in the process of closing on a house, which will eliminate about 8% of my spending (more if I rent out a room on my side of the duplex).

    For some reason, most of my friends think I’m incredibly frugal and never do anything. Every single one of them watch at least 3 hours of TV a day and feel like they have no time to do anything else. They love the idea of early retirement, but they always say “I would get so bored”. There was some stat I heard the other day that said something like “Most people that ‘retire early’ go back to work within 5 years out of boredom”, which to me isn’t the point of retiring early. Sure, they never have to work again, but is that fulfilling? Would those same friends that spend 3 hours a day watching TV be able to find anything else to do in life? It’s weird how so many people want and wish for a better life, but so many of them make excuses for it not being possible or feasible.

  • NZSI March 25, 2020, 2:34 pm

    What a powerful article!!! To me, it serves as a manifesto of the FIRE movement. I have enjoyed reading your blog for over a year and came across this article today. It touches me on many levels. Thank you for doing what you love and doing it so well. I’m grateful for your writings and life example.


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